ICRC: Activities in Somalia from January to December 2014

Emblem ICRCangInternational Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

Activities in Somalia from January to December 2014

 

 

The ICRC is an independent, neutral and impartial organization ensuring humanitarian protection and assistance for victims of armed conflict and other situations of violence. It takes action in response to emergencies and at the same time promotes respect for international humanitarian law and its implementation in national law.

 

The work of the ICRC is based on the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their Additional Protocols, its Statutes – and those of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement – and the resolutions of the International Conferences of the Red Cross and Red Crescent.

 

The ICRC has a longstanding history in Somalia spanning over 35 years of conflict response and humanitarian relief. This has included visits to detainees during the Ogaden conflict with Ethiopia (1977-1988) as well as a major emergency assistance operation during the extended civil war and climate-related famine of the early 1990s.

 

In 2014, the ICRC continued to assist a population afflicted by a combination of protracted armed conflict and harsh climate shocks such as drought and floods. The resulting lack of essential services in many regions has severely undermined any possible resilience. The organization’s more than 2’000’000 beneficiaries have included families displaced due to armed conflict, pastoralists and farmers left destitute due to drought and flooding, families living in remote rural areas with no access to health care, vulnerable mothers with no income, children separated from their families and people wounded during armed clashes.

 

Persons deprived of their liberty were visited in detention centres throughout Somalia and Somaliland. The ICRC also continued to sensitize weapon bearers to the International Humanitarian Law (IHL), mainly in the respect and protection of civilian population by conducting training sessions and through other communication channels.   

 

The Somali Red Crescent Society (SRCS), because of its close proximity with communities played a significant role in programs such as health care support services and restoration of links between separated families.

 

 

Economic Security

 

The ICRC's work to promote economic security is intended to ensure that households and communities can cover their unavoidable expenditures and maintain or restore sustainable livelihoods.

The mission of the ICRC’s Economic Security team is to assist victims of armed conflict and violence in a timely and flexible manner, in order to meet their essential needs and unavoidable expenditures in ways that are both sustainable and respectful of their dignity.

Vulnerability, resilience and risk management, and nutrition are matters that span the activities of the ICRC’s Economic Security team. They are taken into account while making assessments and determining the most effective responses for those in greatest need and for achieving both short- and long-term results.

 

In 2014, The ICRC Humanitarian Emergency Response Has Been:

 

Ø     Distribution of food assistance to 22’200 persons within pastoralist communities affected by the cyclone in Puntland helping them to preserve their livelihood assets.

Ø     Distribution of food assistance to 155’532 persons as emergency response to a major food crises induced by harsh droughts and conflicts in Sool, Sanaag, Nugal, Gedo, Hiran and Mudug regions.

Ø     Assisting 27’342 pastoralists by buying their weakened livestock due to drought and distribution of the meat to 168’000 vulnerable and displaced people.

Ø     Helping 73’020 persons affected by the armed conflict with essential household items.

Ø     Distribution of sandbags to 51’672 farmer families (310’032 people) following severe flooding, in order to protect their farmlands.

 

To Improve Livelihood and Build People’s Resilience the ICRC:

 

Ø     Distributed seed and tools to flood affected farmers family benefiting 124’320 persons.

Ø     Assisted 20 communities in establishing or restarting their agricultural cooperatives benefiting 48’000 persons.

Ø     Prevention treatment for 3’500’000 heads of livestock benefiting 195’000 persons.

Ø     Supported 8 veterinary clinics and 13 veterinary pharmacies. The livestock of 65’322 pastoralist and agro pastoralist families (391’932 people) benefited from these services.

Ø     Organised vocational training on fishery for 1’800 household benefiting 10’800 persons.

Ø     Distributed cash assistance through mobile platforms to 1’832 families (10’992 people) including 352 malnourished pregnant and lactating women to start their business.

Ø     Helped 32’036 families through cash for work programs to rehabilitate irrigation channels benefiting some 192’216 people.

Ø     Assisted 18’450 returnees through livestock distribution.

Ø     Helped 1’107 vulnerable pastoralist (one person per family) to alternate their income generating activity benefiting 6’642 persons.

 

In 2014, a total of 1’511’478 person have benefitted from one or more of the ICRC’s economic security support programs.

 

Health

 

The ICRC assists victims of conflicts and disasters by improving their access to essential health care services.  The ICRC’s support could include provision of quality medical supplies and equipment to medical structures, rehabilitation of medical facilities and capacity building of health staff and volunteers in primary health care clinics and hospitals.

 

From January to December 2014, the ICRC:

 

Ø     Continued to support 31 SRCS primary health care facilities (24 fixed and 7 mobile) in central and southern regions where outpatient treatment, mother and child health care, and outpatient therapeutic feeding activities for severely malnourished children were carried out.  353’864 outpatients, 8’697 pregnant and lactating women and 30’874 children under 5 years received free treatment at the SRCS health facilities for the most common diseases and health education activities were carried out focusing on preventable diseases.

Ø     Re-established the inpatient nutritional Stabilisation Centre at Kismayo Hospital where 1’858 severely malnourished children with complications were treated.

Ø     Continued to support Madina Hospital and SRCS Keysaney Hospitals in Mogadishu, and commenced supporting Baidoa Regional and Kismayo General Hospitals.  Health support is primarily directed at management of weapon wounded and surgical emergencies.  In these structures 3’632 weapon wounded were treated, 21’791 surgical operations were performed and 19’430 outpatient consultations were carried out.

Ø     Provided ad hoc medical supplies to assist 17 health facilities (first aid posts and hospitals) to cater to the influx of weapon wounded casualties resulting from armed conflict and violence.

 

Water and Habitat

 

ICRC Water and Habitat programme provides basic services to vulnerable communities and facilitate their access to safe water supplies, improved conditions of living and sanitation.

 

From January to December 2014, the ICRC:

 

Ø     Provided, on emergency basis, water in Gedo, Lower Juba and Middle Shebelle benefiting to 40'550 beneficiaries.

Ø     Improved the access to water in 40 communities of Central and Southern regions by drilling of boreholes, construction of hand dug wells and rehabilitation or construction of water storage and distribution facilities benefiting to 186’665 persons.

Ø     Improved traditional rainwater harvesting facilities for human and livestock by constructing Berkads and by desilting rainwater catchments in 16 locations in Puntland, Middle and Lower Shabelle, Galgadud and Mudug Regions benefiting 70'107 persons.

Ø     Supported health infrastructure including improvement and rehabilitation of Medina, Keysaney, Baidoa (ongoing) and Kisimayo (ongoing) Hospitals for a total of 240 beds.

Ø     Constructed and/or rehabilitated the Afgoye, Balcad, Farfhadun, Beletweyne and Dhusamareb (ongoing) SRCS clinics for a total of 298 consultations per day.

 

Detention-Related Activities

 

ICRC detention visits aim to ensure that prisoners, whatever the reason for their arrest and detention, are treated with dignity and humanity, in accordance with international norms and standards. ICRC delegates work with the authorities to improve both the treatment and conditions of people in detention.

 

From January to December 2014, the ICRC:

 

Ø     Visited 4’634 detainees in 26 places of detention through 66 visits, including central prisons, criminal investigation departments and security places of detention.

Ø     Organized vocational training for 60 detainees in Bossasso Central Prison

Ø     Distributed 290 blankets and  2’015 mattresses to 2’300  detainees

Ø     Assisted prison authorities in Mogadishu and Baidoa Central prisons to improve their primary health care services for the treatment of detainees with training on out-patient consultations, pharmacy management and treatment of malnourished detainees. 2’833 detainees were visited and 3’665 consultations carried out.

Ø     Sensitized 4’000 detainees on appropriate hygiene behavior in 16 places of detention and distributed hygiene items and equipment

Ø     Provided technical advices, tools, training and medications in Mogadishu Central Prison to contain an Acute Watery Diarrhea outbreak

Ø     Provided clean water through emergency water trucking, chlorination, hand wash stations and carried out hygiene promotion activities benefiting 1300 detainees and staff in Mogadishu Central Prison during Acute Watery Diarrhea outbreak

Ø     Rehabilitation and infrastructure of prisons benefited to 1’001 Detainees (new borehole in Garowe Central Prison, rehabilitation of the kitchen and sanitation facilities in Baidoa and Beletweyn prisons, and building a new recreation space in Galkayo North Central Prison).

Ø     Assisted 22 foreign detainees to inform and notify their respective embassies of their whereabouts and to get in touch with their relatives abroad

 

In addition, during the holy month of Ramadan, the ICRC provided dates, sugar, milk, tea and goat meat to 4’500 detainees.

 

Restoring Family Links

 

In the turmoil of disaster and conflict, family members can be separated in minutes, sometimes leading to long months or years of anguish and uncertainty about the fate of children, spouses or parents. Trying to locate people and put them back into contact with their relatives is a major challenge for the ICRC, the Somali Red Crescent Society (SRCS) and the network of National Red Cross and Rec Crescent Societies and volunteers in the region and across the world. The work includes tracing people, exchanging family messages, reuniting families and seeking to clarify the fate of those who remain missing.

 

From January to December 2014, the ICRC "Restoring Family Links" department, through the Red Cross and Red Crescent network:

 

Ø     Collected 13’982 Red Cross Messages (RCM) and distributed 17’300 to family members in Somalia and abroad.

Ø     Facilitated around 27’000 phone calls benefiting displaced persons in Mogadishu in order to speak with their families in Somalia and abroad.

Ø     Facilitated 3 video calls between a person detained at Guantanamo Bay with his family in Somalia

Ø     Issued 10 Travel Documents, enabling individuals with no other means of documentation to travel home

 

In addition, over 9000 families who trace a family member, had the names of their missing relatives read out on the "Missing Persons" BBC Somali service radio program which is funded by the ICRC.

 

Promoting International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles

 

The ICRC works to increase knowledge of International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and humanitarian principles among international and national authorities and, civil society organisations.

 

From January to December 2014, the ICRC:

 

Ø     Delivered pre-deployment IHL training to 165 Officers from AMISOM troop contributing countries.

Ø     Contributed humanitarian and IHL inputs to the writing phase of Exercise Eastern Accord (35 East African Standby Force Officers in attendance)

Ø     Delivered an IHL training of trainer’s course to 20 Kenya Defence Force Officers.

Ø     Presented on IHL obligations with regard to detention in Peace Support Operations to the African Commandants Conference.

Ø     Delivered training on the AMISOM detention Standard Operational Procedures (SOP) document, and the IHL obligations inherent in IHL, to a two-day workshop of 50 AMISOM senior Officers.

Ø     Presented on IHL obligations with regard to AMISOM detention in Somalia to 30 AMISOM Officers attending the AMISOM Lessons Learned Conference.

 

Cooperation with the Somalia Red Cross Society (SRCS)

 

The ICRC helps the SRCS to increase its operational capacity and enable the organisation to accomplish its humanitarian mandate.

The SRCS delivers humanitarian services to affected populations, in the field of emergency response, health care, family-links services and IHL promotion. 





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